Scripture: Galatians 4:21–31. Children of the Promise — Galatians 4:21-31 Paul here is making his concluding argument regarding the difference between the Gospel of grace and the opposing Gospel of legalism presented by the Judaizers. Insisting that Paul taught that the Old Testament law was "done away" (Colossians 2:14), they conclude that Christians should not keep the days that God had commanded Israel to keep. Rather, he was showing that God's true children haven't always been free in their covenant relationship with God. (Review what we studied two weeks ago: Galatians 4:1-5. 2 But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication 4 will rise with healing wings, 5 and you will skip about 6 like calves released from the stall. Paul had preached the gospel to the Galatians and thus he calls them ‘my children’. Galatians 4:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Galatians 4:13, NIV: "As you know, it was because of an illness that I first preached the gospel to you," Galatians 4:13, ESV: "You know it was because of a bodily ailment that I preached the gospel to you at first," Galatians 4:13, KJV: "Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first." John Piper May 22, 1983 215 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God At the proper time God sent Jesus born under the law to redeem those living under it so we could receive the full rights of sonship. Paul made this distinction to demonstrate how sacred we are in the eyes of God. 4.4. Galatians 3:11: “Clearly no one is justified before God by the law, because, ‘The righteous will live by faith.’" Galatians 4:5-6: “to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons. Commentary on Galatians 4:21-27 (Read Galatians 4:21-27) The difference between believers who rested in Christ only, and those who trusted in the law, is explained by the histories of Isaac and Ishmael. In the chapter he asks why they went back to their old habits, and reminds them of when he visited them. Galatians 4 is a call to sonship in Christ. The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. 6:1-10), but now the foolishness of the Galatians was needlessly causing him to suffer this pain again. (Power. In Galatians Chapter 4, Paul also talked about the two sons that Abraham had. Galatians 4. While Paul’s letters do not relate any narrative traditions about Jesus’ birth, he does speak profoundly about the meaning of the incarnation. Galatians 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary by Martin Luther, presents the justification of the sinner by faith alone ... Paul explained the purpose of these miraculous gifts of the Spirit in I Corinthians 14:22, "Tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not." “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. Read Galatians 4:25. Scripture: Galatians 4:12–20. First, Paul questions their absurd attempts to return to slavery by contrasting their former state as pagans to their current state as Christians. 4.5. 1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; 2 But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. 4:13-14, 2 Tim. # 4:5 The Greek word for adoption to sonship is a legal term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture. Wesley's Galatians 4:6 Bible Commentary 4:6 And because ye - Gentiles who believe, are also thus made his adult sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts likewise, crying, Abba, Father - Enabling you to call upon God both with the confidence,and the tempers, of dutiful children. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. 3:10-12; cp. As a spiritual parent to the Galatians, Paul tells the Galatians that he felt like he was a woman who was ‘in labor’ wanting to give birth, as he struggled in his heart and affections for them until the character of Christ was ‘formed’ in them. Friend, Paul tells us that believing in righteousness by faith is like the joy of a child who on his birthday becomes an adult. The one born from the bondsmaid was born after the flesh, whereas the other one was born by God’s promise. Read Galatians 4:17-20. Home >> Bible Studies >> Galatians >> Galatians 4:21-31 These small group studies of Galatians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. But God accepts only the people who trust Jesus Christ. Paul has already explained that the laws themselves are not bad. Paul pleads with the church not to turn back to the weak and miserable principles of the law to be enslaved by them again. God the Father determined when the time was right for His Son to come to earth, as man and God. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. 23 But the son by the bondwoman was born according to the flesh, and the son by the free woman through the promise. What is the "slavery" that Hagar represents? Abraham had two sons -Ishmael and Isaac. Galatians 4:21-24. Please read Albert Barnes Commentary on the entire book of Galatians that is broken into the following three pages because of tool tip size. Galatians 4 - Children of the Promise. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. Nobody can earn his or her place in God’s family. He described them as one from a bondmaid while the other one was of a free woman. This is God’s kind gift, which is free. Galatians 4:16 Paul, here, is trying to get the Galatians to come back to the gospel after going astray. 2 Cor. In Paul’s Galatians letter, the concrete and relevant terms had to do with circumcision. In Galatians 4:8, “did service to them which by nature are no gods,” appears to be = “in bondage under the elements,” suggesting a personal interpretation of the latter. Those who have not accepted by faith what Jesus has done on our behalf (lived a perfect life, paid the death penalty for our sins, and arose to eternal life) are in slavery to the law. In this lesson we study the third main section of Paul’s letter, Galatians 4:21-31.Although it is a very small section in terms of text, it is most significant and will require a whole lesson for study. THE MEANING OF THE LAW GALATIANS 4:21-31 Galatians 4:21-31 (KJV) 4:21 Tell me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law? In 3:10, Paul explained why the *Jews had to obey all the laws. Those who must resort to allegory in order to establish their point should be immediately suspect. Galatians 4:24 "Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Hagar." He asks them if they have suddenly become enemies because he is (still) speaking the truth. Those who have a point clearly and concisely established on the basis of exegesis and sound theology may freely use allegory to express it. This on the one hand is a story of two sons. This passage from Galatians 4 reflects on God’s sending of his Son in the context of a larger theological argument about what it means to be children of God and co-heirs with Christ. Home >> Bible Studies >> Galatians >> Galatians 4:12-20 These small group studies of Galatians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. These things are an allegory, wherein, beside the literal and historical sense of the words, the Spirit of God points out something further. In the case of the passage in question–Galatians 4:4-7–this will mean proclaiming in concrete and relevant terms the difference between being a slave “under the law” and being a child, an heir, through faith. The allegory of Galatians 4 is based upon the exegesis and theology of the previous sections. In Galatians 4:8-20, Paul uses three ways to entreat his audience to hold on to Christ alone. Paul had once undergone such pain (Rom. … Continue reading "Commentary on Galatians 4:4-7" 23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise. Read Introduction to Galatians “My little children, for whom I labor in birth again until Christ is formed in you…” My little children, Paul views himself as a mother and calls the Galatians “my little children.”Paul bases his appeal to the Galatians on the fact that he nursed them into salvation by teaching them the grace principle of faith in the finished work of Christ. 4 But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. 4. An Allegory Explained —Galatians, third main section. Galatians 2:4(NASB) Picture courtesy of Karen Arnold. The Galatians had turned again to the observance of times and seasons (Galatians 4:10), which were controlled by … Verse Thoughts. Verse 4. An Allegory Explained —(Galatians 4:21-31) Paul expounds the significance of events surrounding God’s promise to Abraham to show that the law of Moses has been abolished. What motivates the legalists to try to turn the Galatians to their views? [] 6 Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, [] Father. ) Paul wasn't comparing Sarah and Hagar as individuals. Hagar and Slavery Vs. Sarah and Freedom. He is now unsupervised! 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: May 22, 1983. 22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. Galatians 4:22-23 (NASB) For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by the bondwoman and one by the free woman. Revelation 13:8 says that the Lamb (Christ) was slain "from the foundation of the world. The common, traditional explanation of Galatians 4:9-10 is that Paul is reprimanding the Galatians for returning to Old Testament observances that were a form of "bondage." Galatians 4:4. He … Galatians chapter 4 is not referring to Pagan days as some believe as they were not part of the Mosaic Law and would be totally out of context with what Paul was explaining to the Galatians. “An allegory” goes beyond certain surface parts of a historical account and draws out deeper meanings seemingly not inherent in that account. One is subject to slavery and the other to freedom. One is born according to the flesh in attempt to take God’s blessing. John Piper May 15, 1983 89 Shares Sermon. 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