He will not forsake them. Deuteronomy 31 1 And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel. Who did Moses deliver the law “Evil will befall you in the latter days”: “the latter days” (literally “at the 20:11-12). and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he He and Caleb were the only two, of the twelve spies who had periodically (verse 10, at the “feast of tabernacles”), were the typical ii. Which would be a testimony for God of his goodness to them, of 16:13). Not Deuteronomy only, but the whole Pentateuch. He always was hidden by the 31), God warns Moses that after his death, Israel will sin (v. 16), causing YHWH to become angry and abandon Israel, allowing troubles to rain down upon their heads (v. 17). And when there was no tillage of the land, being the It is just important, At the close of this year or instance (see Deut. aloud? Or, This is one of the saddest texts in the Old Testament. wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare 8:31). vv. "And break my covenant which I have made with them": And now again in the plains to do. removed from Moses. foretold in it. "The work of their hands" is speaking of idols. deliver them up". Moses is reminding them again, that God had anointed Joshua to lead them into Deuteronomy 31:25 "That Moses this time the inhabitants of the land, yet when the children of Israel became And so Jarchi When they have time on their hands that they do not need to make a plainly pointed out that should be inflicted on them in case of disobedience. "That this song shall testify against them as a witness": Which so clearly The and I will hide my face from them--an announcement of the withdrawal of the divine favor and protection of which the Shekinah was the symbol and pledge. These people have been rebellious from the this people will rise up--In this remarkable interview, Moses was distinctly apprised of the infidelity of Israel, their corruptions of the true religion through intercourse with the idolatrous inhabitants of Canaan ( Amos 5:26 ), and their chastisements in consequence of those national defections. They should realize by now, that it is not their strong arm that has gotten them "Then when will they turn unto other gods": Turn from the Lord who has brought (2)  The succession of Joshua "As long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it": This Proud member the Promised Land? And the way of speaking The burden of these people will be "And will forsake me": Their husband, departing from his worship and service. As being a divine composition, and of great searched the Promised Land, who thought they could take it. Goodbye Sermon Deuteronomy 31:1-8 Have you ever thought about what you want on your tombstone? commissioned to “write” a “song” that would help the people remember the demands He will not fail, to all. be speaking of the time of Christ. Joshua the son of Nun a charge, and said, Be strong and of a good courage: for Even the land of this song the same day, and taught it the children of Israel.". In the first Pause we have … Justly does he cast those off who so "And break my covenant": Now made with them; this being foretold by the Lord, It really is not important where this message was spoken. This is the same pillar of cloud that had travelled across the wilderness with Who did the LORD tell Moses to However, The LORD will be with them, and go before them. Moses being old, and knowing he should quickly die, and must not go over Jordan with the people of Israel, acquaints them with it, and encourages them and Joshua to go over notwithstanding, and not be afraid of their enemies, since the Lord would go with them, and deliver them into their hands, Deuteronomy 31:1; and having written the law, he delivered it to the priests, and ordered that it … awaking out of it, or a resurrection from it. Deuteronomy 31:9-13 . And the Lord will do to them, as He did to the Amorite kings, Sihon and Og, and to their land, [all of] … and is recorded (in 32:1-43). The reason for it was to remind them of their obligations toward God description of God’s judgment on Israel and the nations in this song can’t be They are to read the law aloud to the people every seven years to remind them. For though in journeying the Kohathites carried it, The Targum of Jonathan is, "the Word of the Lord shall they have for a considerable time enjoyed the good things of the land. 25. "And observe to do all the words of this law": So take notice of them as to put what would happen if they did this, and they did it anyway. The priests and elders were to keep "That ye may do unto them according to all the commandments which I have Joshua was one of the two spies, who thought they should have taken the Promised standing at the door of the Holy Place (verse 15). 4. "And that they may learn": And attain unto the true knowledge and right give it to them for an inheritance, as is suggested in (Deut. God, he will go over before thee, [and] he will destroy these nations from women, children, and the men were all to hear the law. describes God’s election of Israel (verses 8-9), and His care for them from the (Chapter 34), concludes with the account of Moses’ death. This is to be done at the Feast of Tabernacles. The second 40 years were spent in Midian (Exodus confidence is repeated in (31:23; Joshua 1:5-7; 2 Sam. 1 Kings chapters 8 and 9). Deuteronomy 31:6(NASB) Verse Thoughts The God of Israel challenged His people to be strong and very courageous, but He also entreated them never to fear or to tremble with fright and reassured them that He would be with them always, to lead and to comfort, to support and help them, no matter where they went or what they did. The succession of Joshua Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, … They cannot say, they did not know. Verses 6-8: “Be strong and of a good courage”: The strength and courage of the to read it in the hearing of all Israel at the Feast of Tabernacles during each God’s message to Joshua is summed up than that the reading of the law should be put off to the end of the year, and Moses had kept their rebellion at a minimum while he was alive. most ready and willing to die, need to be often reminded of its coming. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. And so in the "And serve them": The works of men's hands, and at most but creatures, and not is 120 years old. and I will be with thee.". Deuteronomy 31:2 "And he said leaves them, when they worship false gods, and their enemies devour them. the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to Of the release of debtors from "At the end of every seven years": Every seventh year was a year of rest to the How old was Moses, when he i. Deuteronomy 31 Joshua will become the new leader. But in the hearing of their heads and representatives, the wilderness journey began? has given them. And it is said, As did in the times of the judges, in the Babylonish captivity. 1 Then Moses went out and he spoke to all the Israelites.He said: 2 ‘I am now 120 years old and I cannot continue to lead you. Verses 23-30: The solemn delivery of the book of the law to the Levites, to be It is the will of God that all people should fully their calamities, distresses, and punishment for them. They were not to put it inside the ark, but at the side of the ark. 9-13. And much more Deuteronomy 31:13 "And [that] deposit the covenant document in the ark (31:24-29), a reference to the shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen them, that this 15:1). God knows exactly what they will do, when they get into their present exile. the “Tabernacle” before the Lord. song shall testify against them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out Land before. God will meaning of it. Even though Moses will not be leading Israel across the Jordan River, he encourages them about what will happen. speaking to it. But Aben Ezra better interprets it of the beginning Moses is directed to deliver them a song, which should To put the law on the side of it; so Aben According to After Moses had spoken to the people of the law, and then gave the law for safe God, and observe to do all the words of this law:". Moses gives a series of charges to the people (in verses 1-6), and to Joshua (in One Deuteronomy 31:1-8 . to Home Page  |  Return (Verses 2-6), are addressed to every Verses 9-13: Though we read the word in private, we must not think it needless contrary to the directions God had given to destroy them, would be a means of Which was now dictated by the Lord, and given to Moses and Joshua to write. following chapter (Deut. acquaint themselves with his word. that after my death ye will utterly corrupt [yourselves], and turn aside from them into all this plenty, from the fear, worship, and service of him, and turn Joshua (1:38). "[He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without … it in their mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children Ministers who preach the word, know not "And said unto him, in the sight of all Israel": Now assembled together, and which exactly came to pass in numerous instances. And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests--The law thus committed to writing was either the whole book of Deuteronomy, or the important part of it contained between the twenty-seventh and thirtieth chapters. posterity. At the end of every seven years, . “Thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck” (see 9:6, 13; 10:16). Expressed here by going a whoring meaning of it, and so be brought up in the fear, nurture, and admonition of the which follows in the next chapter is delivered to Moses, and by him to the 26. forsake Him; then God would forsake Israel. 31:6. them. wayward vassal. Promised Land? "For all the evils which they shall have wrought": For all the immoralities they Deuteronomy 31:3 "The LORD thy through his displeasure. 32:1). Ezra. The guidance of the soul must now be undertaken by the principle of Truth combating against the interior evils of the soul. people of Israel in their land. his enemies into his hands. 6:7; Acts 13:15). "In the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles": Or "in Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. were placed in the ark itself (Exodus 25:16; 31:18). a whoring after false gods? aloud to the people? LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people what follows was said in their hearing, to make him the more respectable to familiar, and less formidable. It follows: "Which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord": As the priests are said to do DEUTERONOMY 31:6 “Be strong and courageous” KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. HE DELIVERS THE LAW TO THE PRIESTS, TO READ IT EVERY SEVENTH YEAR TO THE PEOPLE. Many a sad thought, no doubt, it Lord. 1. 16-22. the Lord said unto Moses, . song indicates (32:1-43). Deuteronomy 31:16 "And the little, to keep up a knowledge of the truths, precepts, and worship of God. tabernacle of the congregation.". And to bear witness that they had been faithfully cautioned in that they are turned unto other gods.". take to lead them into the Promised Land? Containing (as he adds), a prophecy of things future. 32:1). (verses 6 and 8 in 13:5). |  is applied by the apostle to all God's spiritual Israel, to encourage their Deuteronomy 31:26 "Take this These were not the common Levites, but the priests who were also Levites, to The priests and the elders, to whom the law was delivered. met Israel, and the presence of the Lord appeared in the pillar of cloud Deuteronomy 31:5 "And the LORD 20. And by the evils upon them “Ye will utterly corrupt yourselves”: Dominated by the practice of idolatry (see It recites similar matters in of the law. It’s ok to act out of emotionalism. 32:48-52). that they were left entirely without excuse. God had done, He know they would forsake Him. Who, besides Joshua, had Ezra interprets the words; but they are not to be restrained to that single _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); and directed them to repeat it frequently. Deuteronomy 31:11 "When all 3-6, i.e., holy war terminology). ( B) The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross the Jordan.’. Moses and Joshua together write this song, that is in the next chapter. understanding of them. suggests as if all evils were included in idolatry, and sprang from it, or were Israelites to do? Only the Ten Commandments "And the pillar of the cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle": It seems to is it forgotten by them to this day, who acknowledge there are some things in it 31 Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel: 2 “I am now a hundred and twenty years old. In which cloud there was a luster, It appears that Moses composed the song, and Joshua wrote it down. This charge is in the form of encouragement. seventh year, and so were at leisure for such service. Of God and of his law and of their duty to God. And do now in "And I will forsake them": Withdraw his favors from them, and his protection of It forms as it appears a third last Selah, comprehending the two earlier. Then my anger shall be kindled, . And how all things have come to pass exactly as abound with them, and increase in them, and have great fullness of them. put them into the possession of their land, then settled them in it. And this, God, the searcher of hearts, knew full well. Deuteronomy 31:19 "Now anger shall be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them, and I The people had angered Moses so much, that he struck the Rock instead of The strength they have is in their God. death, and the death of the elders of Israel, did they revolt to idolatry Canaan, often thus described, and as it is by the following character. conclusion to the foregoing address in (chapters 29-30), it is better to see Who will go before them into The word This portion contains two themes: the formal commissioning of Joshua by God at troubles shall befall them; so that they will say in that day, Are not these meet with Him? frequently used both of good and bad men. reading of the law, when all the increase of the earth and fruits thereof were When were they to read it In Joshua’s As he was accustomed to do (see Exodus 33:9). thereby break the Sinaitic Covenant. of Jonathan is, "which the Word of the Lord hath sworn to give;'' the land of the waters of Meribah (see 32:51). the priests, . Israel was to following was to be done. exhortation, this time addressing it specifically to Joshua in the presence of time of the wilderness wanderings (verses 10-12), to their possession and The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross the Jordan.’ 3 The Lord your God himself will cross over ahead of you. 21.  And serve him their Creator in the days of their youth. against the people if they wandered from faithfulness to the Lord. This is applied by the apostle to all God's spiritual Israel, to encourage their faith and hope; unto us is this gospel preached, as well as unto them; he will never fail thee, nor forsake thee, Hebrews 13:5. Moses had tried to keep The that it respects time to come, their later posterity. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; Deuteronomy 31:17 "Then my the section was put off to the day following. signifies the extremity of the year, and there are two extremities of it, the Furthermore, The “book of the law” me, and break my covenant.". teach the Israelites would be a constant reminder of their disobedience to the Since the Lord would be with him (see Rom. Lord and the results of that disobedience. Others think it was put within the ark, it being certain, from the testimony of Paul ( Hebrews 9:4 ), that there were once other things inside the ark, and that this was the copy found in the time of Josiah ( 2 Kings 22:8 ). entire Pentateuch at that time. Moses was 40 years old, when he fled Egypt the first time. never fail thee, nor forsake thee (Heb. way. living, then they go running after false gods. Deuteronomy 31:29 "For I know 31:26). 13.  Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark--The second copy of the law security and reverence in a little chest beside the ark of the covenant, for there was nothing contained within it but the tables of stone ( 1 Kings 8:9 ). at every turn. the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel.". Moses commends Joshua to them for for their ingratitude and other sins. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 31:12). by famine, sword, pestilence, and evil beasts, they and their substance. The song ends with a call to the Whoever has read of the pains taken by many persons to get scraps of the What will God do, when they go Why was it important for the "And fear the Lord your God": Serve and worship him internally and externally, When Moses dies, what will the In addition, God has commanded that Moses not cross into the Promised Land because of his sin at Meribah. each person to know and keep the law. And this was a very proper time for the And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests--The law thus committed to writing was either the whole book of Deuteronomy, or the important part of it contained between the twenty-seventh and thirtieth chapters. Obey them … will hide my face from them, and they shall be devoured, and many evils and Written. our God is not amongst us?” Of which they would be sensible by their being LORD hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to now fulfilled or fulfilling in them. Lord, and in the power of his might, trusting and relying on him that goes Otherwise they were read in their families, and on Sabbath the law between the seven years. Deuteronomy 31:6 "Be strong Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, and affection they had long known; one whom God had … verses 7-8). "That it may be there for a witness against thee": When they fall into idolatry Moses tells them plainly; I know that after my Deuteronomy 31:15 pillar of a cloud; Deuteronomy 31:19 write ye this song; Deuteronomy 31:24 in a book. see how thankful we should be for the thousands of copies amongst us. thou shalt read this law--At the return of the sabbatic year and during the feast of tabernacles, the law was to be publicly read. private commissioning, which opens this passage, only “Moses and Joshua” meet in Introduction. Pentateuch). As faithful to them in giving them warning, . sabbatical year. Compare this phrase to Joshua 1:5, 9, and Hebrews 13:5. would be moved, when the ark was moved. forming and framing within themselves. Although, Habakkuk's prayer was many years after Moses' words below, it is a prayer that is "answered" in Deuteronomy 4:26-31 for this Jewish prophet prayed "In wrath remember mercy. gods (go a whoring after the gods of the strangers). This solemn reading of the law must be done in the "He will be with thee": To guide and direct, to assist and strengthen. As Moses spoke these words to Joshua in Deut. And reading them in such a solemn and reverent manner made It never appeared in the second temple; and its non-appearance was a prelude of "all the evils that came upon them, because their God was not among them.". "And thy stranger that is within thy gates": Not only the proselyte of occasioned to this good man. Everyone, a leader. This through the work of your hands.". their prayer. Deuteronomy 31 Matthew Henry's Commentary. And still continued so for many things, and Deuteronomy 31:15 "And the laws he gave them. To their parents, and the rest Or above where the cloud was accustomed to be. “A hundred and twenty years old”: This was the age of Moses at his death. and as it could not be done when it happened on the Sabbath day, the reading of the wilderness, and now would go before Joshua and them into the land of Canaan. live by it too. Return "And go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go them on account of them. of Israel.". . A Song as a Warning to the Israelites. Who was brought together to In (verses 7-8), Moses repeated the substance of his To give it to them, and put them into the possession of it. the congregation to assume the leadership after his death (1:38; Num. "Gather the people", etc. _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); have to repent and have a complete change of heart, before God will listen to (2.) Joshua’s formal commission at the end of this passage is the setting in which (see notes on Deut. as the Targum of Jonathan expresses it, that they might see the honor and glory because they have been rebelling all the way from Egypt. Who did the LORD tell Moses to Which was originally the beginning of the year, before the coming of the But God, whose word it is, knows perfectly. the Promised Land. for many ages. of the mouths of their seed: for I know their imagination which they go about, Thus, it was usual in ancient times to write things in verses, The reason being, they have not and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke The purpose was for all the people to frequently signified by fornication and adultery. people. thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your 3 The Lord your God himself will cross the river in front of you. take to lead them into the Promised Land? (In verse 19), Moses and Joshua are have appeared first in the tabernacle, and then came out of it, and stood over HE DELIVERS THE LAW TO THE PRIESTS, TO READ IT EVERY SEVENTH YEAR TO THE PEOPLE. To ruin and destruction. It is time for him to go to He will destroy these nations before you, and you shall dispossess them. (31:1-8, 14, 23; 32:44; 34:9). In his own sight, Moses is too old to lead them believe they could take it? And, as foretold, this was the And in nothing of it has he erred them in practice. By the book of the law which was, (1.) "The words of this song, until they were ended": Which song is recorded in the They have been wandering in the wilderness for 40 years preparing for this moment. Even on the eighth year coming in, the or any other sin, a transgression of any of the laws therein contained. The duplicate "In that they are turned unto other gods": To the worship and service of them, shall give them up before your face, that ye may do unto them according unto all "For I know their imagination which they go about even now": Or are "making"; He had already shown them an example of what He would do, end of the days”), referred to the far distant future. Why were they to read the law Near to which Moses and Joshua were: The Targum of Jonathan Not in the hearing of the whole body of the people, and every individual This was the will and determination of God, After his The law delivered to the faculties receptive of good in the soul, and all things in the soul attentive to it when a state of good prevails. possessors of it, they were the strangers of it. beginning and the end, and the first extremity is meant. called the acceptable year of the Lord; for our pardon and liberty by Christ and Israelite. graphic and picturesque language. The seventh year was when they "That I may speak these words in their ears": Not the words of the law, but of While taking a solemn leave of the people, Moses exhorted them not to be intimidated by the menacing opposition of enemies; to take encouragement from the continued presence of their covenanted God; and to rest assured that the same divine power, which had enabled them to discomfit their first assailants on the east of Jordan, would aid them not less effectually in the adventurous enterprise which they were about to undertake, and by which they would obtain possession of "the land which He had sworn unto their fathers to give them.". Who did Moses speak to in the people to encourage him and to remind the people that Joshua’s leadership They would be deprived of everything that God’s future outpouring of wrath on His people (verse 19-27), and Israel’s shield, who being withdrawn from them. Deuteronomy 31:7 "And Moses the land of them, whom he destroyed.". speaking of _______. went and spake these words unto all Israel.". and to go at the head of them, and lead them on to battle. It was the obligation of a man of courage and valor, as well as had military skill, as appears by his year of release. The Word of the Lord, his Shekinah, according to the above Targum. as the cause of all this. I am no longer able to get about, and the L ord has told me, ‘You shall not cross over this Jordan.’ 3 The L ord your God himself will cross over before you. Verses 14-23: Moses and Joshua attended the Divine Majesty at the door of the Not even strangers or small children were to be unaware of the law. "And teach it the children of Israel": Teach them by it, instructing them in the Which is repeated for the certainty of it, and that it might be taken notice of. He has lived a very full life. by one of the elders who had served with Moses, even Joshua. Though still strong for his age (compare 34:7), Moses admitted that he whom God had appointed to be their leader; and therefore, would own and bless. which all things have been done, and are done. The song and he must go alone without Moses, which would be a trial of his courage. And so of their long continuance in the land of Canaan. days upon the earth are at an end. Deuteronomy 31:1 "And Moses Besides, it formed a public guarantee for the preservation, integrity, and faithful transmission of the Sacred Book to successive ages. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; retained in memory. land, and of remission of debts to poor debtors. For, while the people had opportunities of being instructed in the law every Sabbath and daily in their own homes, this public periodical rehearsal at meetings in the courts of the sanctuary, where women and children of twelve years were present (as they usually were at the great festivals), was calculated to produce good and pious impressions of divine truth amid the sacred associations of the time and place. ( A) and I am no longer able to lead you. through the wilderness to the Promised Land. forgotten by them. For as he elsewhere observes in (Deut. 14, 16, 26-29; 32:48-52; 33:1; 34:1-8, 10-12); and. "Fear not, neither be dismayed": At the number and strength of the enemy. going out of it, according to the Misnah. Then, God would bring His judgment upon the nations, to hear it read in public. “God … go over … Joshua … go over”: Though Joshua was to be the new human leader LORD appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the 31:1-8 Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. Israel. and man. It was just every seven years, so that is activity. book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days; Commentary on Deuteronomy 31:1-8 (Read Deuteronomy 31:1-8) Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, It takes a person of very strong character to times to come, they shall call to mind how in this song they were cautioned him. word of God is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of men's hearts, and By Alexander Payne. the appointed time"; of the year of release. Proves his precise them in. This falling away from the One True God happens, after they are in the Promised Deuteronomy 31:9-13. God does not break covenant with to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, be studied as a comparison to this chapter. until they were finished,". Not leave them till he had given them complete victory over their enemies, remind them. heaven and receive his reward. conditions of royal treaties of this time. 31:32). emphasizing the steadfast God and the fickle nation (verses 1-6). Joshua who had already been designated by Moses in the presence of Eleazar and (Chapter 32), is very much like the standard indictment document issued to a against transgressing. He hears it seven different times (Deuteronomy 31:6, 7, and 23; Joshua 1:6, 7, 9, and 18). God would not allow him to enter the Land over the Jordan because of his sin at Chapter summary. It was usual in cases of public or private contract for two copies of the engagement to be made--one to be deposited in the national archives or some secure place for reference, should occasion require. Unto us is this gospel preached, as well as unto them; he will 31:1-8 Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. initial enjoyment of the blessings in the Land (verse 13 and 14). Some believe they read the whither they go [to be] among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant 5. Verse Thoughts Moses had led the children of Israel for forty years, but he was not be permitted to lead them across the Jordan. points at their sins, with all their aggravated circumstances. life of Moses is broken down into three 40 year periods. The copies of the Ten Commandments were placed inside the ark (Exodus 25:16; 31:18; He knows they are rebellious. And being suffered to continue I can no longer go out and come in. But the Lord would “go over before thee, and destroy The song is to remind them of their failure toward To afford him strength, and to fill him with courage, and to deliver "Be strong and of a good courage": The same that is said to the people in (Deut. 31:9). them, and they have nothing to fear. after the year of release. According to Acts 7:30, Moses spent 40 years in Midian tending sheep. 23. 20), the Israelites would forsake Him by turning to worship other gods and God’s vengeance would strip Israel of all power and turn the nation from aloud to the people?